Discussion Treatment Planning
I’m studying and need help with a Psychology question to help me learn.
Practice: Treatment Planning
Use the case of Sam from the Diagnostic Cases handout. Based on the text and video just watched, what are four evidence-supported treatment components to consider recommending for Sam?
Treatment Planning from a Biopsychosocial Perspective
A biopsychosocial approach to treatment planning focuses on meeting patients’ behavioral health needs and promoting their biopsychosocial functioning from a comprehensive holistic perspective. After an integrative, holistic evaluation of the patients’ needs is conducted, a plan is developed to address those needs within the context of the individual’s unique developmental history and current circumstances and in a manner designed to maximize treatment effectiveness. Sometimes there are critical or emergency needs that require immediate attention (e.g., suicidality, the well-being of the children of an unstable parent). At other times, the gradual process of building social and interpersonal skills, examining dysfunctional personality characteristics, or addressing existential questions unfolds over an evolving long-term therapy relationship. Sometimes therapy is delayed for the time being because, for example, certain issues need to be addressed (e.g., substance abuse or employment problems) or resources need to be strengthened (e.g., personal coping resources or external social supports) before it is prudent to examine particularly difficult or stressful therapy issues.
Treatment planning from a biopsychosocial perspective is consequently a complicated process. In traditional approaches to treatment planning, therapists often recommended a treatment approach based on their adherence to a particular theoretical orientation. A biopsychosocial approach, on the other hand, requires an individualized evaluation of patients’ needs and circumstances across the full range of biopsychosocial areas. Those needs then need to be prioritized with the aim of maximizing treatment effectiveness and preventing harm. Treatments that have been shown to be safe and effective for applying in particular cases (e.g., given the patient’s particular developmental history and biopsychosocial circumstances) can then be used to address issues and concerns, often with the aim of realizing the synergy that can result when problems and deficits in certain areas are addressed while relying on and further developing strengths in other areas.
This complicated process begins with an elementary decision, however. Before recommending a treatment plan, the therapist needs to evaluate whether intervention is the appropriate way to proceed.